Jeju 4.3 Peace Park was established as a memorial place where the victims due to the massacres of Jeju civilians during April 3rd Incident, including their miserable lives were remembered and cherished.
The Jeju April 3rd Incident broke out during the US Military Administration and lasted or 7 years, until the Republic of Korea was established. It is regarded as the most tragic incident next to the Korean War in terms of the loss of lives.
After the independence from Japan in 1945, Korea was in turmoil due to the failures of the policies of the US Military Administration and other social conflicts. Under these circumstances, it happened that the 6 residents were killed on March 1, 1947 by the police. The US Military Administration dispatched the troops of the police and youth corps called ‘Seochung’ to Jeju Province to suppress the Jeju civilians and government workers’ general strike. The dispatched soldiers terrorized and tortured Jeju civilians. Consequently, on April 3, 1948, the armed members of the Jeju branch of the Namro Party raised disturbances to protest the troops’ brutalities. Additionally, in the May 10 general election, the 2 electoral districts of the 200 electoral districts were invalidated due to the failure of the majority.
It was on August 15, 1948, after the establishment of the Republic of Korea, that the Central Government dispatched more troops to quell the disturbance by powerful suppressing action. On November 17, martial law was proclaimed. Many local people were executed for giving assistance to the armed guerilla band.
When the Korean War broke out in 1950, some people arrested by the police and the prisoners in the mainland were executed. The Jeju April 3 Incident, caused by the shooting incident on March 1, 1947 and the uprising on April 3, 1948 lasted for 7 years until the prohibition of entering Mt. Halla was lifted. The Jeju April 3 Incident resulted in the loss of 25,000 ~ 30,000 lives in the armed conflicts between the armed and punitive bands.
The Jeju April 3 Incident, which broke out in the mood of the world cold war and the division of the Korean Peninsula, produced mass victims caused by the Central Governmental power. Currently, the truth of the Jeju April 3 Incident is being unveiled in the pursuit of reconciliation and mutual prosperity.
*Operating Hours : From 9 AM to 6 PM / Closed on Mondays of the 1st and 3rd Week
*Admission Fees : Free